Bibliography (by year)

Below is a listing of various research studies and publications about the issue of female sex offenders and their victims. We intend to maintain this list and add to it as we find more studies. We would ask ask that if anyone has some material that is not listed, please feel free to contact us so we may add it to our resources.  If anyone would like to receive this list in a Word document contact us and we will be happy to e-mail one to you.  All the listings below make at least some reference to female perpetrated sexual abuse.

If you prefer to see the Bibliography in alphabetical order you can click here.

(Last updated 08/17/16)



Tardieu, A (1857) Étude médico-légale sur les attentats aux mœurs. Paris: Librairie JB Baillière et Fils.


Acton, W. M. (1865). The Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive Organs in Childhood, Youth, Adult Age, and Advanced Life, considered in their Physiological, Social, and Moral Relations. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 49(98), 468.


Bernard, P. (1886). Des Attentats à la pudeur sur les Petites Filles. Paris: Octave Doin.


Gibb, T. W. (1894). Indecent assault upon children. In A. M. Hamilton & L. Godkin (Eds.), A system of legal medicine (pp. 649-657). New York: E.B. Treat.


Lombroso, C., & Ferrero, W. (1895). The female offender. London: T. Fisher Unwin.


Wulffen, E. (1934). Woman as sexual criminals. New York: American Ethnological Press.


Chideckel, M. (1935). Female Sex Perversion. Oxford: Eugenics Publishing Co.


Apfelberg, B., Sugar, C., & Pfeffer, A. Z. (1944). A psychiatric study of 250 sex offenders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 100, 762-770.


Van Waters, M. (1951). Rehabilitation of women sex offenders. Journal of Social Hygiene, 37(5), 935-940.


Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. R., Martin, C. E., and Gebhard, P. H. (1953). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders.


Atcheson, J. D., & Williams, D. C. (1954). A study of juvenile sex offenders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 111, 366-370.


Kubo, S. (1959). Researches and studies on incest in Japan. Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences, 8, 99-159.


Wahl, C. W. (1960). The psychodynamics of consummated maternal incest: A report of two cases. Archives of General Psychiatry,3, 96-101.


Weiner, I. B. (1964). On Incest – A Survey. Abstracts on Criminology and Penology, 4, 137-155.


Raphling, D. L., Carpenter, B. L., & Davis, A. (1967). Incest: A Genealogical Study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 16(4), 505-511.


Lukianowicz, N. (1972). Incest: I Paternal incest: II other types of incest. British Journal of Psychiatry, 120, 301-313.

Mathis, J L. (1972). Clear Thinking about Sexual Deviations : A New Look at an Old Problem. Chicago: Nelson-Hall. (Note: that she might seduce a child into sex play is unthinkable and even if she did so what harm could she do without a penis? Pg. 54).


Finch, S.M. (1973). Sexual abuse by mothers. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 7(1), 191.


Fehlow, P. (1975). [The female sexual delinquent.] Psychiatrie, Neurologie und medizinishche Psychologie (Leipz), 27(10), 612-618.


Hollender, M. H., Brown, W., & Roback, H. B. (1977). Genital exhibitionism in women. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134 (4), 436-438.

Margolis, M. (1977). A preliminary report of a case of consummated mother-son incest. Annual of Psychoanalysis, 5, 267-293.


Goodwin, J., & DiVasto, P. (1979). Mother-daughter incest. Child Abuse & Neglect, 3, 953-957.

Groth, A. N. (1979). Sexual Trauma in the Life Histories of Rapists and Child Molesters. Victimology, 4(1), 10-16.

Rist, K. (1979). INCEST: Theoretical and Clinical Views. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 49, 680-691.

Widom, C. (1979). Female Offenders: Three Assumptions About Self-Esteem, Sex-Role Identity, and Feminism. Criminal Justice and Behavior 6,365-382.


Catanzarite, V. A., & Combs, S. A. (1980). Mother-son incest. Journal of the American Medical Association, 243(18), 1807-1808.

Ellerstein, N., & Canavan, W., (1980). Sexual abuse of boys. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 134, 255-257.

Nasjleti, M. (1980). Suffering in silence: The male incest victim. Child Welfare, 59, 269-275.

Shengold, L. S. (1980). Some reflections on a case of mother/adolescent son incest. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 61, 461-476.

Sroufe, A. L., & Ward, M. J. (1980). Seductive Behavior of Mothers of Toddlers: Occurrence, Correlates, and Family Origins. Child Development, 51(4), 1222-1229.


Fritz, G. S., Stoll, K. & Wagner, N. N. (1981). A comparison of males and females who were sexually molested as children. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 7(1), 54-59.

McCarthy, D. (1981). Women Who Rape. Unpublished manuscript.

Plummer, K. (1981). Pedophilia: Constructing a psychological baseline. In M. Cook & K. Howells (Eds.), Adult Sexual Interest in Children. London: Academic Press.


Mathis, R. (1982). Mother-child incest: Characteristics of the offender. Child Welfare, 65, 447-458.

Sarrel, P. M. & Masters, W.H. (1982). Sexual molestation of men by women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11(2), 117-131.


Brown, M.E., Hull, L.A., & Panesis, S.K. (1984). Women Who Rape. Boston: Massachusetts Trial Court. [Cited in Mathews, Matthews, & Speltz, 1990; and Syed & Williams, 1996].

Burgess A., Hartman C., McCausland M., & Powers P. (1984). Response patterns in children and adolescents exploited through sex rings and pornography. American Journal of Psychiatry, 14, 656-662.

Finkelhor, D., & Russell, D. (1984). Women as perpetrators: Review of the evidence. In D. Finkelhor (Ed.), Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research, (pp. 171-187). New York: Free Press.

Freund, K., Heasman, G., Racansky, I. G., & Glancy, G. (1984). Pedophilia and heterosexuality vs. homosexuality. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 10(3), 193-200.  (note –  ‘pedophilia…does not exist at all in women‘ p.193)

Hull, L. A., & Panesis, S. K. (1984). Women Who Rape. Boston: Massachusetts Trial Court.

Margolis, M. (1984). A case of mother-adolescent son incest: A follow-up study. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 53, 355-385.

Petrovich, M. & Templer, D. I. (1984). Heterosexual molestation of children who later become rapists. Psychological Reports, 54, 810.

Russell, D., & Finkelhor, D. (1984). The gender gap among perpetrators of child sexual abuse. In D. Russell (Ed.) Sexual Exploitation: Rape, Child Sexual Abuse, and Workplace Harassment, (pp. 215-31). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Sigelman, C. K., Berry, C. J., & Wiles, K. A. (1984). Violence in college students’ dating relationships. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14(6), 530-548.


Burket, L. E. (1985). Guilt and Moral Judgment in the Juvenile Female Sex Offender: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Unpublished MA thesis. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.

Grob, C. S. (1985). Single case study: Female exhibitionism. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 173(4), 253-256.

Margolin, L. (1985). The effects of mother-son incest. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 8(2), 104-114.

Pierce, R. & Pierce, L. H. (1985). The sexually abused child: A comparison of male and female victims. Special Issue: C. Henry Kempe memorial research issue. Child Abuse and Neglect, 9, 191-199.

Rosner, R., Wiederlight, M., Wieczorek, R. R. (1985). Forensic psychiatric evaluations of women accused of felonies: A three-year descriptive study. Journal of Forensic Science, 30(3), 721-729.

Wolfe, F. A. (1985). Twelve female sexual offenders. Paper presented at “Next steps in research on the assessment and treatment of sexually aggressive persons (Paraphiliacs),” March, 1985, St. Louis, MO.


Cameron, P., Coburn Jr., W., Larson, H., & Proctor, K. (1986). Child Molestation and Homosexuality. Psychological Reports, 58(1), 327-337.

Chasnoff, I. J., Burns. W. J., Schnoll, S. H., Burns, K., Chisum, G., & Kyle-Spore, L. (1986). Maternal-neonatal incest. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56(4), 577-580.

Finkelhor, D. (1986). A Sourcebook on Child Sexual Abuse. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Marvasti, J. (1986). Incestuous mothers. American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 7, 63-69.

McCarty, L.M. (1986). Mother-child incest: Characteristics of the offender. Child Welfare, 65(5), 447-458.

Russell, D. (1986). Female incest perpetrators: How do they differ from males, and why are there so few? In D. Russell, The Secret Trauma: Incest in the Lives of Girls and Women. New York: Basic Books.


Allen, H. (1987). Justice unbalanced: Gender, psychiatry and judicial decisions. Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.

Brow, M.E., Knopp, F.H., & Lackey, L.B. (1987). Female Sexual Abusers: A Summary of Data from 44 Treatment Providers. Orwell: Safer Society Press.

Burgess, A. W., Hartman, C. R., & McCormack, A. (1987). Abused to abuser: Antecedents of socially deviant behaviors. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1431-1436.

Condy, S. R., Templer, D. I., Brown, R., & Veaco, L. (1987). Parameters of sexual contact of boys with women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 16(5), 379-394.

Eisenberg, N., Owens, R. G., & Dewey, M. E. (1987). Attitudes of health professionals to child sexual abuse and incest. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11(1), 109-116.

Evert, K. (1987). When You’re Ready. A Woman’s Healing from Childhood Physical and Sexual Abuse by Her Mother. Walnut Creek, CA: Launch Press.

Faller, K. C. (1987). Women who sexually abuse children. Violence & Victims, 2(4), 263-276.

Grier, P. E., & Clark, M. A. (1987). Female sexual offenders in a prison setting. Unpublished, manuscript. St. Louis, MO: Behavioral Sciences Institute, Inc.

Holubinskyj, H., & Foley, S. (1987). Escape or rescue: Intervention in a case of mother-daughter incest, with an adolescent girl. Australian Journal of Sex, Marriage & Family, 8(1), 27-31.

Johnson, R. L., & Schrier, D. (1987). Past sexual victimization by females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144(5), 650-652.

Kendall-Tackett, K. A., & Simon, A. F. (1987). Perpetrators and their acts: Data from 365 adults molested as children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11, 237-45.

Knopp, F. H. & Lackey, L. B. (1987). Female Sexual Abusers: A Summary of Data from 44 Treatment Providers. Orwell, VT: The Safer Society Press.

Larson, N. R., & Maison, S. R. (1987). Psychosexual Treatment Program for Female Sex Offenders: Training Manual. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Corrections, Minnesota Correctional Facility-Stillwater.

Mathews, R. (1987). Female Sexual Offenders: Treatment and Legal Issues. Orwell, VT: The Safer Society Press.

O’Connor, A.A. (1987). Female sex offenders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 615-620.

Reinhart, M. A. (1987). Sexually abused boys. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11(2), 229-235.

Risin, L. I., & Koss, M. P. (1987). The sexual abuse of boys: Prevalence and descriptive characteristics of childhood victimizations. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2(3), 309-323.

Sandberg, G., Jackson, T. L., & Petretic-Jackson, P. (1987). College Students’ Attitudes Regarding Sexual Coercion and Aggression: Developing Educational and Preventive Strategies. Journal of College Student Personnel, 28(4), 302-311.

Sorenson, S. B., Stein, J. A., Siegel, J. M., Golding, J. M., & Burnam, M.A. (1987). The prevalence of adult sexual assault; the Los Angeles epidemiological catchment area project. American Journal of Epidemiology, 126(6), 1154-1164.


Adams, E. M. (1988). Sex of the Victim, Offender, and Helper: The Effects of Gender Differences on Attributions and Attitudes in Cases of Incest. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University.

Aizenman, M., & Kelley, G. (1988). The Incidence of Violence and Acquaintance Rape in Dating Relationships among College Men and Women. Journal of College Student Development, 29(4), 305-311.

Briere, J., Evans, D., Runtz, M., & Wall, T. (1988). Symptomatology in men who were molested as children: A comparison study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58(3), 457-461.

Dimock, P. T. (1988). Adult Males Sexually Abused as Children: Characteristics and Implications for Treatment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3(2), 203-221.

Faller, K. C. (1988). The spectrum of sexual abuse in daycare: An exploratory study. Journal of Family Violence, 3(4), 283-298.

Fehrenbach, P. A. & Monastersky, C. (1988). Characteristics of female adolescent sexual offenders. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58(1), 148-151.

Finkelhor, D., Williams, L. M., & Burns, N. (1988). Nursery crimes: Sexual abuse in day care. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Hetherton, J. & Beardsall, L. (1988). Decisions and attitudes concerning child sexual abuse: Does the gender of the perpetrator make a difference to child protection professionals? Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(12), 1265-1283.

Johnson, T. C. (1988). Child perpetrators: Children who molest other children, preliminary findings. Child Abuse and Neglect, 12, 219-229.

Muehlenhard, C.L., & Cook, S.W. (1988). Men’s self-reports of unwanted sexual activity. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 58-72.

Murphy, J. E. (1988). Date abuse and forced intercourse among college students. In G. T. Hotaling, D. Finkelhor, & J. T. Kirkpatrick (Eds.), Family abuse and it’s consequences: New directions in research (pp. 285-296). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Rowan, E. L., Langelier, P., & Rowan, J. B. (1988). Female pedophiles. Corrective and Social Psychiatry and Journal of Behavior Technology Methods and Therapy, 34(3), 17-20.

Smith, R. E., Pine, C. J., & Hawley, M. E. (1988). Social cognitions about adult male victims of female sexual assault. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 101–112.

Struckman-Johnson, C. (1988). Forced sex on dates: It happens to men, too. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 234-241.

Vander Mey, B. J. (1988). The sexual victimization of male children: A review of previous research. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12(1), 61-72.


Banning, A. (1989). Mother-son incest: Confronting a prejudice. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 563-570.

Bolton, F. G., Morris, L. A., & MacEachron, A. E. (1989). Males at Risk: The Other Side of Sexual Abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Clark, R., & Hatfield, E. (1989). Gender Differences in Receptivity to Sexual Offers. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 1(2), 39-55. (complete text in a .pdf file at link).

Faller, K.C. (1989). Characteristics of a clinical sample of sexually abused children: How boys and girl victims differ. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13, 281-291.

Fromuth, M. E., & Burkhart, B. R. (1989). Long-term psychological correlates of childhood sexual abuse in two samples of college men. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13(4), 533-542.

Goodwin, J., & DiVasto, P. (1989). Female homosexuality: A sequel to mother-daughter incest. In J. M. Goodwin (Ed.), Sexual Abuse: Incest Victims and Their Families, (pp. 140-146), Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc.

Herman-Giddens, M. E., & Berson, N. L. (1989). Harmful genital care practices in children: A type of child abuse. JAMA, 261(4), 577-579.

Hindman, J. (1989). Just Before Dawn. Baker City, OR: Alexandria Associates.

Johnson, T. C. (1989). Female child perpetrators: Children who molest other children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13, 571-585.

Krug, R. S. (1989). Adult male reports of childhood sexual abuse by mothers: Case descriptions, motivations and long-term consequences. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13, 111-119.

Mathews, R., Matthews, J. K., & Speltz, K. (1989). Female Sexual Offenders: An Exploratory Study. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Ryan, G., & Grayson, J. (1989). Female sex offenders. Interchange: Cooperative Newsletter of the Adolescent Perpetrator Network, June.

Scavo, R.R. (1989). Female adolescent sex offenders: A neglected treatment group. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 70(2), 114-117.

Shelden, V.E. & Shelden, R.G. (1989). Sexual abuse of males by females: the problem, treatment modality, and case example. Family Therapy, 16(3), 249−58.

Singer, K. I. (1989). Group work with men who experienced incest in childhood. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 59(3), 468-472.

Stets, J. E., & Pirog-Good, M. A. (1989). Patterns of physical and sexual abuse for men and women in dating relationships: A descriptive analysis. Journal of Family Violence, 4(1), 63-76.

Waterman, C. K., Dawson, M. A., & Gologna, M. J. (1989). Sexual coercion in gay male and lesbian relationships: Predictors of gay rape. Journal of Sex Research, 26(1), 118-124.


Allen, C. M. (1990). Women as perpetrators of child sexual abuse: Recognition barriers. In Horton, A. L., Johnson, A. L., Roundy, B. L., & Williams, L. M. (Eds.), The Incest Perpetrator: A Family Member No One Wants To Treat, (pp. 108-125). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Barnett. S., Corder, F., & Jehu, D. (1990). Group treatment for women sex offenders against children. Groupwork, 3(2), 191-203.

Cooper, A. J., Swaminath, S., Baxter, D., & Poulin, C. (1990). A female sex offender with multiple paraphilias: A psychologic, physiologic (laboratory sexual arousal) and endocrine case study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 35(4), 334-337.

Duncan, D. F. (1990). Prevalence of sexual assault victimization among heterosexual and  gay/lesbian university students. Psychological Reports, 66, 65-66.

Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I. A., & Smith, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 14(1), 19-28.

Haineault, D. L. (1990). [To begin to believe. Working notes on a mother-daughter incest case and its implications on the formation of the pre-transitional object]. Sante Mentale Au Quebec, 15(2), 181-201.

Hunter, M. (1990). Abused Boys: The neglected victims of sexual abuse. New York: Ballantine Books.

Kasl, C. S. (1990). Female perpetrators of sexual abuse: A feminist view. In M. Hunter (Ed.), The Sexually Abused Male. Prevalence, Impact, and Treatment, Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Margolin, L. (1990). Child abuse by baby-sitters: An ecological interactional interpretation. Journal of Family Violence, 5 (2), 95-105.

Margolin, L. (1990). Gender and the stolen kiss: The social support of male and female to violate a partner’s sexual consent in a noncoercive situation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 19(3), 281-291.

Margolin, L., & Craft, J. L. (1990). Child abuse by adolescent caregivers. Child Abuse and Neglect, 14 (3), 365-373.

Mathews, R., Matthews, J. K., & Speltz, K. (1990). Female sexual offenders. In M. Hunter (Ed.), The Sexually Abused Male: Prevalence, Impact and Treatment, (pp. 275-293). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Mendel, M. P. (1990). The male survivor: The impact of sexual abuse. London: Sage.

Ramsey-Klawsnik, H. (1990). Sexual abuse by female perpetrators: Impact on children. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Child Victimization. Tyler, TX: Family Violence and Sexual Assault Institute.

Rowan, E. L., Rowan, J. B., & Langelier, P. (1990). Women who molest children. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 18, 79-83.

Travin, S., Cullen, K., & Protter, B. (1990). Female sex offenders: Severe victims and victimizers. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 35(1), 140-150.

Wakefield, H., Rogers, M., & Underwager, R. (1990). Female sexual abusers: A theory of loss. Issues in Child Abuse Accusations, 2(4), 191-195.

Weldon, E. V. (1990). Women who sexually abuse children. British Medical Journal, 300(6738), 1527-1528.

Wilkins, R. (1990). Women who sexually abuse children: Doctors need to become sensitised to the possibility. British Medical Journal300(6738), 1153-1154. (complete article at link).


Adams, Kenneth (1991). Silently Seduced: When Parents Make their Children Partners – Understanding Covert Incest. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, Inc.

Allen, C. M. (1991). Women and Men Who Sexually Abuse Children: A Comparative Analysis. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Baier, J. L., Rosenzweig, M. G., & Whipple, E. G. (1991). Patterns of Sexual Behavior, Coercion, and Victimization of University Students. Journal of College Student Development, 32(4), 310-322.

Baron, R. S., Burgess, M. L., & Kao, C. F. (1991). Detecting and labeling prejudice: Do female perpetrators go undetected? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 115-123.

Broussard, S., Wagner, W. G., & Kazelskis, R. (1991). Undergraduate students’ perceptions of child sexual abuse: The impact of victim sex, perpetrator sex, respondent sex, and victim response. Journal of Family Violence, 6(3), 267-278.

Faller, K. C. (1991). Polyincestuous families: An exploratory study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 6(3), 310-322.

Fischer, G. J. (1991). Is Lesser Severity of Child Sexual Abuse a Reason More Males Report Having Liked It? Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment, 4(2), 131-139.

Lanning, K. (1991), A law enforcement perspective on allegations of ritual abuse, in D. K. Sakheim and S.E. Devine (Eds.) Out of Darkness: Exploring Satanism and Ritual Abuse, Lexington Books, New York.

Lawson, C. (1991). Clinical assessment of mother-son sexual abuse. Clinical Social Work Journal, 19(4), 391-403.

Lottes, I. L. (1991). The relationship between nontraditional gender roles and sexual coercion. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 4(4), 89-109.

Margolin, L. (1991). Abuse and neglect in nonparental child care: A risk assessment. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 53, 694-704.

Margolin, L. (1991). Child sexual abuse by nonrelated caregivers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 213-221.

Matthews, J., Matthews, R., & Speltz, K. (1991). Female sex offenders: A typology. In M. Patton (Ed.), Family Sexual Abuse: Frontline Research and Evaluation (pp. 199-219). Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications, Inc.

Schwartz, M. F. (1991). Victim to Victimizer. Professional Counselor, 43-46.

Struckman-Johnson, C. (1991). Male victims of acquaintance rape. In A. L. Parrot, & L. Bechhofer (Eds.), Acquaintance Rape: The Hidden Crime, (pp. 192-214). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Van Der Meer, T. (1991). Tribades on trial: Female same-sex offenders in late eighteenth-century Amsterdam. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 1(3), 424-445.

Wakefield, H., & Underwager, R. (1991). Female child sexual abusers: A critical review of the literature. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 9(4), 45-69.


Brodie, F. (1992). When the Other Woman Is His Mother: Book One/Boys As Incest Victims and Male Multiple Personality Disorder/for Partners and Professionals. Tacoma, WA: Winged Eagle Press.

Forbes, J. (1992). Female sexual abusers: The contemporary search for equivalence. Practice, 6, 102-111. (Complete article in .pdf format at link).

Gray, J. L. (1992). From the Data of Therapists: An Exploratory Study of Adult Females Who Sexually Molest Children. Unpublished MSW thesis. Long Beach, CA: California State University.

Grossman , L. (1992). An example of “character perversion” in a woman. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 61(4), 581-9.

Higgs, D. C., Canavan, M. M. & Meyer, W. J. III (1992). Moving from defense to offence: The development of an adolescent female sex offender. Journal of Sex Research, 29(1), 131-139.

Laury, G. V. (1992). When women sexually abuse male psychiatric patients under their care. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 18 (1), 11-16.

Liem, J. H., O’Toole, J. G., & James, J. B. (1992). The need for power in women who were sexually abused as children: An exploratory study. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16(4), 467-480.

MacHover, F., & Wieckowski, E. (1992). The 10FC Ten-Factor Continua of classification and treatment criteria for male and female sex offenders. Medical Psychotherapy, 5, 53-63.

Mayer, A. (1992). Women Sex Offenders: Treatment and Dynamics. Holmes Beach, FL: Learning Publications, Inc.

Ogilvie, BA. (1992).  The experience of Mother-daughter incest.  Unpublished Masters Thesis U British Columbia.

Solomon, J. C. (1992). Child sexual abuse by family members: A radical feminist perspective. Sex Roles, 27(9-10), 473-485.

Wolfers, O. (1992). Same abuse, different parent. Social Work Today, 13-14.


Anderson, P. B. (1993). Sexual victimization: It happens to boys, too. Louisiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Journal, 57(1), 5, 12.

Anderson P. B., & Aymami R. (1993). Reports of female initiation of sexual contact: Male and female differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(4), 335-343.

Bachmann, K. M., & Bossi, J. (1993). Mother-son incest as a defence against psychosis. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 66, 239-248.

Bear, E. (1993). Inpatient Treatment for Adult Survivors of Sexual Abuse: A Summary of Data From 22 Programs. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Bordon, T. A., & LaTerz, J. D. (1993). Mother/daughter incest and ritual abuse: The ultimate taboos. Treating Abuse Today, 3(4), 5-8.

Byard, R. W., Hucker, S. J., & Hazelwood, R. R. (1993). Fatal and near-fatal autoerotic asphyxial episodes in women: Characteristic features based on a review of nine cases. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 14(1), 70-3.

Christopher, F. S., Owens, L. A., & Stecker, H. L. (1993). An examination of single men’s and women’s sexual aggressiveness in dating relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 10, 511-527.

Dunbar, T. (1993). Women Who Sexually Molest Female Children. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Los Angeles: University of Southern California.

Elliott, A. J. & Peterson, L. W. (1993). Maternal sexual abuse of male children: When to suspect and how to uncover it. Postgraduate Medicine, 94(1), 169-180.

Goldman, L. L. (1993). Female Sex Offenders: Societal Avoidance of Comprehending the Phenomenon of Women Who Sexually Abuse Children. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology.  (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI).

Grier, P. E., Clark, M., & Stoner, S. B. (1993). Comparative study of personality traits of female sex offenders. Psychological Reports, 73, 1378.

Harper, J. F. (1993). Prepubteral male victims of incest: A clinical study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17(3), 419-421.

Hunter, J. A., Lexier, L.. J., Goodwin, D.W., Browne, P.A., & Dennis, C. (1993). Psychosexual, attitudinal, and developmental characteristics of juvenile female perpetrators in a residential treatment setting. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2, 317- 326.

Kelley, S. J., Brant, R., & Waterman, J. (1993). Sexual abuse of children in day care centers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 71-89.

Lawson, C (1993). Mother-son sexual abuse: Rare or under-reported? A critique of the research. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17(2), 261-269.

Mathews, R. (1993). Preliminary typology of female sex offenders. In Safer Society (Ed.), Information packet: Female sexual abusers. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Mayer, A. (1993). Adult female incest offenders: Treatment considerations. Treating Abuse Today, 3(6), 21-26.

O’Sullivan, L. F. & Byers, E. (1993). Eroding stereotypes: College women’s attempts to influence reluctant male sexual partners. Journal of Sex Research, 30(3), 270-282.

Song, L., Lieb, R., & Donnelly, S. (1993). Female Sex Offenders in Washington State. Washington: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (Complete report available at link).

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Hannon, R., Hall, D. S., Nash, H., Forman, J., & Hopson, T. (2000). Judgements regarding sexual aggression as a function of sex of aggressor and victim. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 43(5-6), 311-322.

Krahe, B., Scheinberger-Olwig, R., & Kolpin, S. (2000). Ambiguous communication of sexual intentions as a risk marker of sexual aggression. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 42(5-6), 313-337.

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Lewis, C. F., & Stanley, C. R. (2000). Women accused of sexual offenses. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 18(1), 73-81.

Miccio-Fonseca, L. C. (2000).  Adult and adolescent female sex offenders: Experiences compared to other female and male sex offenders. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 11, 75-88.

Murray, J. B. (2000). Psychological Profile of Pedophiles and Child Molesters. The Journal of Psychology 134(2), 211-224.

Snyder, H. (2000, July), Sexual assault of young children as reported to law enforcement: Victim, incident, and offender characteristics. Retrived December, 2002, American Bureau of Justice Statistics Clearinghouse.

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Abramson, P. R., & Pinkerton, S. D. (2001). A house divided: Suspicions of mother–daughter incest. New York: Norton.

American Association of University Women (2001). Hostile Hallways, Washington, D.C.: AAUW Educational Foundation.

Anderson, I., & Swainson, V. (2001). Perceived motivation for rape: Gender differences in beliefs about female and male rape. Current Research in Social Psychology, 6(8), 107-122.

Crockett, L. C. (2001). The deepest wound: How a journey to El Salvador led to healing from motherdaughter incest. Lincoln, NE: Writer’s Showcase.

Denov, M. S. (2001). A culture of denial: Exploring professional perspectives on female sex offending. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 43(3), 303-329.

Glasser, M.,  Kolvin, L., Campbell, D., Glasser, A., Leitch, I & Farrelly, S. (2001).  Cycle of child sexual abuse; links between being a victim and becoming a perpetrator, British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 482-494.

Hislop, J. (2001). Female Sex Offenders: What Therapists, Law Enforcement and Child Protection Services Need to Know. Ravensdale, WA: Idyll Arbor, Inc.

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Romano, E., & De Luca, R. V. (2001). Male sexual abuse: A review of effects, abuse characteristics, and links with later psychological functioning. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(1), 55-78.

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Christiansen, A. R. & Thyer, B. A. (2002). Female Sexual Offenders — A Review of Empirical Research. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 6(3), 1-16.

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Girshick, L. B. (2002). Woman-to-Woman Sexual Violence: Does She Call It Rape? Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

Girshick, L. B. (2002). No Sugar, No Spice: Reflections on Research on Woman-to-Woman Sexual Violence. Violence Against Women, 8(12), 1500-1520.

Hatchard, C. (2002). Female Perpetrated Sexual Abuse: Redefining the Construct of Sexual Abuse and Challenging Beliefs about Human Sexuality.

Hui, C. (2002). Knowledge,Behavior and Personality Characteristics of Females with Sexual Wrong Doings. Chinese Journal of Health Education, 11, 0.

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Kubik, E. K., Hecker, J. E., & Righthand, S. (2002). Adolescent females who have sexually offended: Comparisons with delinquent adolescent female offenders and adolescent males who sexually offended. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 11(3), 63-83.

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Munro, K. (2002). “Male Sexual Abuse Victims Of Female Perpetrators: Society’s Betrayal of Boys.”

Nathan, P., & Ward, T. (2002). Female sex offenders: Clinical and demographic features. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 8(1), 5-21.

Robinson, S. L. (2002). Growing Beyond: A Workbook for Teenage Girls. Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.

Robinson, S. L. (2002). Treatment Manual. Growing Beyond: A Workbook for Sexually Abusive Teenage Girls. Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.

Rudominer, H. S. (2002). Consummated mother-son incest in latency: A case report of an adult analysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association., 50(3), 909-935.

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Struckman-Johnson, C., & Struckman-Johnson, D. (2002). Sexual coercion reported by women in three Midwestern prisons. Journal of Sex Research 39(3), 217-227.

Vandiver, D. M., & Walker, J. T. (2002). Female sex offenders: An overview and analysis of 40 cases. Criminal Justice Review, 27(2), 284-300.

Vick, J., McRoy, R., & Matthews, B. (2002). Young female sex offenders: Assessment and treatment issues. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 11(2), 1-23.


Briere J. & Elliott D.M. (2003). Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 1205-1222.  (Complete .pdf file at link)

Crawford, M., & Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. Journal of Sex Research, 40(1), 13-26.

Denov, M. S. (2003). The myth of innocence: Sexual scripts and the recognition of child sexual abuse by female perpetrators. Journal of Sex Research, 40(3), 303-314.

Denov, M. S. (2003). To a Safer Place? Victims of sexual abuse by females and their disclosures to professionals. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(1), 46-61.

Freel, M. (2003). Child Sexual Abuse and the Male Monopoly: An Empirical Exploration of Gender and a Sexual Interest in Children. British Journal of Social Work, 33, 481-498.

Frieden, J. (2003, November) Female sexual abuse of boys often goes unreported. Clinical Psychiatry News, 1-5.

Hensley, C., Castle, T., & Tewksbury, R. (2003). Inmate-to-Inmate Sexual Coercion in a Prison for Women. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation,, 37(2), 77-87. (complete document in .pdf format at link)

Hines, D. A., & Saudino, K. J. (2003). Gender differences in psychological, physical, and sexual aggression among college students using the revised conflict tactics scales. Violence and Victims, 18(2), 197-217.

Impett, E. A., & Peplau, L. A. (2003). Sexual compliance: Gender, motivational, and relationship perspectives. Journal of Sex Research, 40(1), 87-100.

Krahé, B., Scheinberger-Olwig, R., & Bieneck, S. (2003). Men’s Reports of Nonconsensual Sexual Interactions with Women: Prevalence and Impact. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(2), 165-175.

Krahe, B., Waizenhofer, E., Moller, I. (2003). Women’s sexual aggression against men: Prevalence and predictors. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 49(5-6), 219-232.

Okonkwo, J. E., & Ibeh, C. C. (2003). Female sexual assault in Nigeria. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 83(3), 325-326.

Palmero, G. (2003). Female Offenders in a Changing SocietyInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 47(1), 493-497.

Salter, A.C. (2003). Predators: paedophiles, rapists, and other sex offenders: Who they are, how they operate, and how we can protect ourselves and our children. New York: Basic Books.

Simmons, R. (2003). Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls. Fort Washington, PA: Harvest Books.

Struckman-Johnson, C., Struckman-Johnson, D., & Anderson, P. B. (2003). Tactics of sexual coercion: When men and women won’t take no for an answer. Journal of Sex Research, 40(1), 76-86.

Weizmann-Henelius, G., Viemero, V., & Eronen, M. (2003). The violent female perpetrator and her victim. Forensic Science International, 133(3), 197-203.

Wiegel M., Abel, G. & Jordan, A., The self-reported behavior of adult female child abusers. paper presented at the 22nd Annual Research and Treatment Conference, ATSA, St. Louis, Missouri, October, 2003.


Anderson, P. B., & Newton, M. (2004). Predicting the use of sexual initiation tactics in a sample of college women. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 7.

Boroughs, D. S. (2004). Female sexual abusers of children. Journal of Children and Youth Services Review, 26(5), 481-487.

Bumby, N. H., & Bumby, K. M. (2004). Bridging the gender gap: Addressing juvenile females who commit sexual offences. In G. O’Reilly, W. L. Marshall, A. Carr, & R. C. Beckett (Eds.), The handbook of clinical intervention with young people who sexually abuse(pp. 369–381). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.

Denov, M. S. (2004). The Long-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse by Female Perpetrators: A Qualitative Study of Male and Female Victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(10), 1137-1156.

Denov, M. S. (2004). Perspectives on Female Sex Offending: A Culture of Denial. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Company.

Dollar, K.M., Perry, A.R., Fromuth, M., & Holt, A.R. (2004). Influence of gender roles on perceptions of teacher/adolescent student sexual relations. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 50(1-2), 91-101.

Duncan, K. (2004). Healing from the Trauma of Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Journey for Women. Connecticut : Praeger Publishers.

Kite, D. & Tyson, G. A. (2004). The Impact of Perpetrator Gender on Male and Female Police Officers’ Perceptions of Child Sexual Abuse. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 11(2), 308-318.

Lew, M. (2004). Victims No Longer: The Classic Guide for Men Recovering from Sexual Child Abuse. New York: Harper Collins.

Messer, J., Maughan, B., Quinton, D., & Taylor, A. (2004). Precursors and correlates of criminal behaviour in women. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 14(2), 82-107.

National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth (2004). NCSBY Fact Sheet: What Research Shows About Female Adolescent Sex Offenders.

Office of the Under Secretary (2004). Educator Sexual Misconduct: A Synthesis of Existing Literature. Washington, DC. Available at

Ogilvie, B. (2004). Mother-daughter incest: A guide for helping professionals. New York: Haworth Press.

Sanderson, C. (2004). The seduction of children: empowering parent and teachers to protect children from child sexual abuse. London and New York: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Schmidt, S & Keri, P. (2004).   What research shows about female adolescent sex offenders.   National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth.  (complete file in .pdf format available at link)

Tewskbury, R. (2004). Experiences and Attitudes of registered female sex offendersFederal Probation, 68 (3).

Vandiver, D., & Kercher, G. (2004). Offender and victim characteristics of registered female sexual offenders in Texas: A proposed typology of female sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 16, 121-137.


Alaggia, R. (2005). Disclosing the trauma of child sexual abuse: A gender analysisJournal of Loss and Trauma, 10, 453-470.

Anderson, P. B., & Savage, J. S. (2005). Social, Legal, and Institutional Context of Heterosexual Aggression by College Women. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 6(2), 130-140.

Beckett, R. (2005). What are the characteristics of female sex offenders? NOTA New, 51, 6–7. Available online:

Bunting, L. (2005). Females who sexually offend against children: Responses of the child protection and criminal justice systems. NSPCC Policy Practice Research Series. London: NSPCC. (Complete article at link)

Cortoni, F., & Hanson, R. K. (2005). A review of the recidivism rates of adult female sexual offenders (R-169). Ottawa: Research Branch, Correction Service of Canada. (complete .pdf file at link)

Deering , R. (2005). Female-perpetrated child sexual abuse: impact, professional perspectives and management. Unpublished thesis, Deakin University.

Dube, S. R., et al. (2005). Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 430-438.

Ferguson, C. and Meehan, D. (2005). An Analysis of Females Convicted of Sex Crimes in the State of Florida. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 14 (1), 75-90.

FitzRoy, L. (2005).  Violent Women?: An explorative study of women’s use of violence.  Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, La Trobe Univeristy, Melbourne.

Gartner, R B. (2005). Beyond Betrayal: Taking Charge of Your Life After Boyhood Sexual Abuse. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Kubik, E. K. & Hecker, J. E. (2005). Cognitive Distortions About Sex and Sexual Offending: A Comparison of Sex Offending Girls, Delinquent Girls, and Girls from the Community. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 14(4), 43-69.

McCloskey, K. A. & Raphael, D. N. (2005). Adult Perpetrator Gender Asymmetries in Child Sexual Assault Victim Selection: Results from the 2000 National Incident-Based Reporting System. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 14(4), 1-24.

Reckling, A. E. (2005). Mother-Daughter Incest — When Survivors Become Mothers. Journal of Trauma Practice, 3(2), 49-71.

Tardif, M., Auclair, N., Jacob, M., & Carpentier, J. (2005). Sexual abuse perpetrated by adult and juvenile females: An ultimate attempt to resolve a conflict associated with maternal identity. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 153-167.

Travers, N. (2005). A Brief examination of pedophilia and sexual abuse committed by nuns within the catholic church. William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 12, 761.


Benson, H.  (2006).  Female sex offenders and neutralization theory.Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation.  Southern Connecticut State University.

Carlson, B. E., Maciol, K. & Schneider, J. (2006). Sibling Incest: Reports from Forty-One Survivors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 15(4), 19-34.

Carson, W. (2006). Women Who Molest Children: A Study of 18 Convicted Offenders. Prosecutor, 40(3), 26-41.

Davis, J. (2006).  Perspectives and psychosocial characteristics of female sex offenders: Implications for counseling.  Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Texas Southern University.

Denov, M., & Cortoni, F. (2006). Women who sexually abuse children. In C. Hilarski & J.S. Wodarski (Eds.), Comprehensive mental health practice with sex offenders and their families(pp. 71-99). Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press.

Duncan, K. (2006). Gender Equity in the Field of Child Sexual Abuse: Does Gender Matter in Sexual Offense Treatment for Females and their Victims? Paper presented at the ATSA 2006 Conference in Chicago, Illinois.

Ford, H. (2006). Women who sexually abuse children. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Frey, L.L. (2006). Girls don’t do that, do they? Adolescent females who sexually abuse. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems(pp. 255-272). Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.

Hendriks, J. & Bijleveld, C. C. J. H. (2006). Female adolescent sex offenders—an exploratory study. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 12(1), 31-41.

Hunt, L.M. (2006). Females who sexually abuse in organisations working with children. Characteristics, International and Australian prevalence rates: Implications for child protection. Melbourne, Australia: Child Wise. (complete file in .pdf format at link)

Hunter, J. A., Becker, J. V., & Lexier, L. J. (2006). The female juvenile sex offender. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 148–165). New York: Guilford Press.

Johansson-Love, J., & Fremouw, W. (2006). A critique of the female sexual perpetrator research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11, 12-26.

Levine, K. L.(2006). No Penis, No Problem. Fordham Urban Law Journal, Emory Public Law Research Paper No. 05-37.

Oswald, D., & Russell, B. (2006). Perceptions of sexual coercion in heterosexual dating relationships: The role of aggressor gender and tactics. Journal of Sex Research, 43(1), 87-95.

Peter, T. (2006). Mad, Bad, or Victim? Making Sense of Mother–Daughter Sexual Abuse. Feminist Criminology, 1, 283 – 302.

Saleh, F. M., Dwyer, R. & Grudzinskas, A. (2006). An Integrated Look at Dually Diagnosed Female Sex Offenders and the Law. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 3(1), 23-32.

Schwartz, B. K., Cavanaugh, D., Pimental, A. & Prentky, R. (2006). Descriptive Study of Precursors to Sex Offending among 813 Boys and Girls: Antecedent Life Experiences. Victims & Offenders, 1(1), 61-77.

Simon, L., & Zgoba, K. (2006). Therapeutic jurisprudence and sex offender policies, part ii. Sex Offender Law Report, 7(1), 1-4.

Smith, J. (2006). Therapists’ reactions with adult female sex abusers/offenders: Implications for policy and practice.  Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation.  Smith College School for Social Work.

Steen, C. (2006). Choices: A relapse prevention workbook for female offenders. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Stein, A. (2006). An octopus in the bathtub: The slippery nature of female sex offending. Sex Offender Law Report, 7(6), 81-81, 94-95.

Stennis, J. (2006). Equal protection dilemma: Why male adolescent students need federal protection from adult female teachers who prey on them. Journal of Law & Education, 35(3), 395-403.

Vandiver, D. (2006). Female sex offenders: A comparison of solo offenders and co-offenders. Violence and Victims, 21, 339-354.

Vandiver, D., & Kercher, G. (2006). Registered female sex offenders in Texas; an oddity or an overlooked population. In H. Ford (Ed.), Women Who Sexually Abuse Children (p. 0). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Vandiver, D., & Teske, R. (2006). Juvenile Female and Male Sex Offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 50(2), 148-165.


Basile, K. C., Chen, J., Black, M. C., & Saltzman, L. E. (2007). Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence victimization among U.S. adults, 2001-2003. Violence and Victims, 22(4), 437-448.

Bennett, A.  (2007).  Assessing the implicit theories and motivations of rapists, pedophilic child molesters, and mixed sexual offenders (Unpublished master’s thesis).  University of British Columbia.

Brand, J. (2007). A Mother’s Touch. Victoria, BC: Trafford Publishing.

Bunting, L. (2007). Dealing with a Problem That Doesn’t Exist?: Professional Responses to Female Perpetrated Child Sexual Abuse. Child Abuse Review, 16(4), 252-267.

Center for Sex Offender Management. (2007).  Female Sex Offenders (complete text in .pdf file at link).

Christopher, K., Lutz-Zois, C. J., & Reinhardt, A. R. (2007). Female sexual-offenders: Personality pathology as a mediator of the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and sexual abuse perpetration against others. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 871-883.

Deering, R., & Mellor, D. (2007) Female-Perpetrated Child Sex Abuse: Definitional and Categorisational Analysis, Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 14(2), 218-226.

Fintel, TR. (2007).  Demonstrating the criterion-related validity of the Multiphasic sex inventory (adult female form): a comparison of adult female sex offenders and female non-sex offenders. Unpublished dissertation, University of Louisville.

Frei, A. (2007).  Media considerations of female sex offenders: a content analysis of US new paper reporting from 1975-2006   Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia.

Giguere, R., & Bumby, K. (2007). Female sex offenders [Policy and Practice Brief]. Center for Sex Offender Management, USA. (Complete article in .pdf format at link)

Graham, A. (2007). Simply sexual: The discrepancy in treatment between male and female sex offenders. Whittier Journal of Child & Family Advocacy, 0, 145.

Hines, D. A. (2007). Predictors of sexual coercion against women and men: A multilevel, multinational study of university students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36(3), 403-422. (complete document in .pdf format at link)

Jackson, S. (2007). Female Sex Offenders: A new challenge for the criminal justice system.  Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation.  California State University, Long Beach.

Johansson-Love, J. (2007).   A 2×2 comparison of offender and gender; what characteristics do female sex offenders have in common with other offender groups?  Unpublished dissertation West Virginia University.

Moulden, H. M., Firestone, P., & Wexler, A. F. (2007). Child Care Providers who commit sexual offenses: A description of offender, offense and victim characteristics. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 51(4), 384-406. (complete .pdf file available at link)

Oliver, B. E. (2007) Preventing Female-Perpetrated Sexual Abuse. Trauma Violence Abuse, 8. 19-32.

Poels, V. (2007). Risk Assessment of Recidivism of Violent and Sexual Female Offenders. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 14(2), 227-250. (complete article available at link in .pdf format)

Rogers, P., & Davies, M. (2007). Perceptions of victims and perpetrators in a depicted child sexual abuse case: Gender and age factors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22(5), 566-584. doi:10.1177/0886260506298827.

Rumney, P. (2007) In Defence of Gender Neutrality Within Rape. Seattle Journal of Social Justice, 6, 481.

Sandler, J. C., & Freeman, N. J. (2007). Topology of Female Sex Offenders: A Test of Vandiver and Kercher. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 19, 73-89.


Alaggia, R., & Millington, G. (2008). Male child sexual abuse: A phenomenology of betrayal. Journal of Clinical Social Work, 36, 265-275.

Anderson, N., & Ho-Foster, A. (2008). 13,915 reasons for equity in sexual offences legislation: A national school-based survey in South Africa. International Journal for Equity in Health, 7(20), 1-6. (complete .pdf file at link)

Bader, S. M., Scalora, M. J., Casady, T. K., & Black, S. (2008). Female sexual abuse and criminal justice intervention: A comparison of child protective service and criminal justice samples. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(1), 111-119.

Belanger, S. (2008)  Characteristics and reactions of sexual victimization of adolescent male sexual abusers by female perpetrators.    Unpublished thesis, Smith college school of social work.

Broom, R. (2008).  Female perpetrators of child sexual abuse. Norwich: Social Work Monographs, University of East Anglia.

Fanetti, M., Kobayashi, I., & Mitchell, DW. (2008).  The effects of gender on decisions of guilt in cases of alleged child sexual abuse.  American Journal of Forensic Psychology 26 (4) 31-40.

Freeman, N. J., Sandler, J. C. (2008). Female and Male Sex Offenders: A Comparison of Recidivism Patterns and Risk Factors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23, 1394-1413.

Fromuth, M. E., & Holt, A. R. (2008). Perception of teacher sexual misconduct by age of student. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 17(2), 163-179.

Gannon, T. A., & Rose, M. R. (2008). Female child sexual offenders: Towards, integrating theory and practice. Aggression and Violent behaviour, 21, 194-207.

Gannon, T. A., & Rose, M. R., & Ward, T. (2008). A descriptive model of the offence process for female sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 20, 352-374.

Hickey, N., McCrory, E., Farmer, E. & Vizard, E. (2008). Comparing the developmental and behavioural characteristics of female and male juveniles who present with sexually abusive behaviour. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 14(3), 241-252.

Humphrey, E. (2008). Female sex offenders; exposing the myth. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

Johansson-Love, J. and Fremouw, W. (2008).  “Female Sexual Perpetrators: Is It More Than Just a Gender Difference?” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology – Law Society, Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront, Jacksonville, FL, Mar 05.

Lambert, S. (2008). Issues in female sexual offending. Unpublished doctoral thesis. University College Cork.

Lambert, S., & O’Halloran, E. (2008). Deductive thematic analysis of a female paedophilia website. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 15(2), 284-300.

Lawson, L. (2008). Female Sex Offenders’ Relationship Experiences. Violence and Victims, 23(3), 331-343.

Logan, C. (2008). Sexual Deviance in Females: Psychopathology and Theory. In D. Laws & W. Donohue (Eds.), Sexual Deviance, Second Edition: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment, (pp. 486-507). New York: The Guilford Press.

Matravers, A. (2008). Understanding women who commit sex offences. In G. Letherby, K. Williams, P. Birch, & M. Cain (Eds.), Sex as crime? (pp. 299-320). Devon: William Publishing.

Peter, T. (2008). Speaking About the Unspeakable. Exploring the Impact of Mother Daughter Sexual Abuse. Violence Against Women, 9, 1033-1053.

Roe-Sepowitz, D., & Krysik, J. (2008). Examining the sexual offenses of female juveniles: The relevance of childhood maltreatment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78(4), 405-412.

Saewyc, E. M., Taylor, D., Homma, Y., & Ogilvie, G. (2008). Trends in sexual health and risk behaviors among adolescent students in British Columbia. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 17(1), 1-14. (note – questioned 1,845 Canadian homeless youths: 79% of boys had been sexually abused or exploited by a woman).  (complete file in .pdf format available at link).

Seigfried, K. C., Lovely, R. W., & Rogers, M. K. (2008). Self-reported online child pornography behavior: A psychological analysis. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 2(1), 286-297.

Simons D, Heil P, Burton D & Gursky, M. (2008).  Developmental and offense histories of female sexual offenders  Presented at 27th ATSA, Atlanta GA October 2008.

Staunton, C., Hammond, S., & Lambert, S. (2008). Applying knowledge of female sexual arousal to the forensic context. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 29(1-2), 103-117.

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Higgins, C. & Ireland, C. (2009).  Attitudes towards male and female sex offenders: a comparison of forensic staff, prison officers and the general public in Northern IrelandThe British Journal of Forensic Practice, 11(1), 14-19.

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Fromuth, M., Mackey, A. L. & Wilson, A. (2010). Effect of Student Vulnerability on Perceptions of Teacher–Student Sexual Involvement. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 19(4), 419-433.

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Head, A. (2010). Vanessa George: exploring broadsheet and tabloid newspaper representation of a female sex offender. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

Hensley, C., Tallichet, S. E., & Dutkiewicz, E. L. (2010) Childhood Bestiality: A Potential Precursor to Adult Interpersonal Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25, 557-567.

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Johnson, T. S. (2010). Crossing the Line: When Pedagogical Relationships Go Awry. Teachers College Record, 112(8), 2021-2066.

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Kramer, S.  (2010). Discourse and power in the self-perceptions of incarcerated South African female sexual offenders, thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

Lam, A., Mitchell, J., & Seto, M. C. (2010). Lay Perceptions of Child Pornography Offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(2), 173-201.

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Martellozzo, E., Nehring, D., & Taylor, H. (2010). Online child sexual abuse by female offenders: An exploratory study. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 4, 592-609.

McCleary, R. & Tewksbury, R. (2010). Female Patrons of Porn. Deviant Behavior, 31(2), 208-223.

McCollum, J. (2010). The Romance of Henry James’s Female Pedophile. MP: an Online Feminist Journal, 3(1), 39-56. Retrieved from database.

McGrath, R., Cumming, G., Burchard, B., Zeoli, S., & Ellerby, L. (2010) Current Practices and Emerging Trends in Sexual Abuser Management: The Safer Society 2009 North American Survey. Brandon, Vermont: Safer Society Press.

Mellor, D. & Deering, R. (2010). Professional response and attitudes toward female-perpetrated child sexual abuse: a study of psychologists, psychiatrists, probationary psychologists and child protection workers. Psychology, Crime & Law, 16(5), 415-438.

Miccio-Fonseca, L. C. (2010). MEGA♪: An Ecological Risk Assessment Tool of Risk and Protective Factors for Assessing Sexually Abusive Children and Adolescents. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 19(7), 734-756.

Palmer, R. S., McMahon, T. J., Rounsaville, B. J., & Ball, S. A. (2010). Coercive Sexual Experiences, Protective Behavioral Strategies, Alcohol Expectancies and Consumption Among Male and Female College Students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(9), 1563-1578.

Pflugradt, D. M. & Allen, B. P. (2010). An Exploratory Analysis of Executive Functioning for Female Sexual Offenders: A Comparison of Characteristics Across Offense Typologies. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 19(4), 434-449.

Pozzulo, J. D., Dempsey, J., Maeder, E., & Allen, L. (2010) The Effects of Victim Gender, Defendant Gender, and Defendant Age on Juror Decision Making. Criminal Justice and Behavior 37, 47-63.

Schweigert, K. (2010). The Effect of Gender on Perpetration Characteristics and Empathy for Juvenile Sex Offenders. Sociology Theses.

Sleath, E., & Bull, R. (2010).  Male rape victim and perpetrator blaming. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, June 25, (6), 969-88.

Thornton, A. J., Graham-Kevan, N., & Archer, J. (2010). Adaptive and maladaptive personality traits as predictors of violent and nonviolent offending behavior in men and women. Aggressive Behavior, 36(3), 177-186.

Turton, J. (2010). Child Abuse, Gender and Society. New York: Routledge.

Turton, J. (2010). Maternal Abusers: Underlying concerns for children. (complete .pdf file at link)

Turton, J. (2010). Female sexual abusers: Assessing the risk. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 38(4), 279-293.

Van Voorhis, P., Wright, E. M., Salisbury, E., & Bauman, A. (2010).  Women’s Risk Factors and Their Contributions to Existing Risk/Needs Assessment: The Current Status of a Gender-Responsive Supplement.Criminal Justice and Behavior 37, 261-288.

Vandiver, D. M. (2010). Assessing Gender Differences and Co-Offending Patterns of a Predominantly “Male-Oriented” Crime: A Comparison of a Cross-National Sample of Juvenile Boys and Girls Arrested for a Sexual Offense. Violence and Victims, 25(2), 243-264.

Whelan, C., Farr, C. & Hammond, S. (2010). Evaluation and validation of the revised Thorne Sex Inventory: implications for female sexual offenders. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology21(5), 721-736. doi:10.1080/14789941003668293

Wijkman, M., Bijleveld, C., & Hendriks, J. (2010). Women Don’t Do Such Things! Characteristics of Female Sex Offenders and Offender Types. Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment, 22(2), 135-156.

Young, M. H., Justice, J. V., & Edberg, P. (2010). Sexual Offenders in Prison Psychiatric Treatment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 54(1), 92-112.


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Adshead, G. (2011). Same but different: Constructions of female violence in forensic mental health. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 4(1), 41-68.

Averdijk, M., Müller-Johnson, K., & Eisner, M. (2011). Sexual victimization of children and adolescents in switzerland: Final report for the ubs optimus foundation November 2011.

Bexson, L.  (2011). The ultimate betrayal female child sex offenders: An exploration of theories, media representations and the role of the internet in relations to female perpetrators of child sexual abuse. (Dissertation, Nottingham Trent University).

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Book, L. (2011). It’s ok to tell: A story of hope and recovery. Prospecta Press.

Bullock, C., & Beckson, M. (2011). Male victims of sexual assault: Phenomenology, psychology, physiology. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 39(2), 197-205.

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Getz, L. (2011, March & April). Male survivors of childhood sexual abuse — looking through a gendered lens. Social Work Today, 11(2), 20.

Gibbons, N. (2011). Why gender matters in child welfare and protection. A Presentation to the NUIG Gender and Child Welfare Conference.

Hackett, M. (2011). Commentary: Female forensic worker sexual misconduct—who is the captive? The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 39(2), 166-169.

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Keil,A.,Couch,A.,Tite,S.,Hageman,E.,Black,A.,Bramesfeld,K. (2011). Is It Rape? An Examination of Perceptions of Male-Victim/Female-Perpetrated Rape Involving Intoxication,Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment,or Statutory Rape. Poster presented at the Midwestern Sociological Society Student Poster Session,St. Louis,MO.

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Kramer, S. (2011). Truth, gender and the female psyche: ‘confessions’ from female sexual offenders. Psychology of Women Section, 13(1).

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Lindeman, H. H. (2011). Sex offender assessment – sexual adjustment inventory. Handbook of sex offender treatment (pp. 22-1-22-36). Civic Research Institute.

Lindsay, W., Steptoe, L. and Haut, F. (2011), The sexual and physical abuse histories of offenders with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55: no. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2011.01428.x

McCartan, F., Law, H., Murphy, M. & Bailey, S. (2011). Child and adolescent females who present with sexually abusive behaviours: A 10-year UK prevalence study. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 17(1), 4-14. doi:10.1080/13552600.2010.488302

Murdoch, S., Vess, J., & Ward, T. (2011). A descriptive model of female violent offenders. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 1-15.

Muskens, M., Bogaerts, S., van Casteren, M. & Labrijn, S. (2011). Adult female sexual offending: A comparison between co-offenders and solo offenders in a Dutch sample. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice.

Prentky, R. A., Lamade, R., & Coward, A. (2011). Sex offender research in a forensic context. Research methods in forensic psychology (pp. 372-399). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.

Sandler, J. & Freeman, N. J. (2011). Female sex offenders and the criminal justice system: A comparison of arrests and outcomes. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 17(1), 61-76. doi:10.1080/13552600.2010.537380.

Shipley, S. L. and Arrigo, B. A. (2011) Sexual Offenses against Adults, in Forensic Case Formulation (eds P. Sturmey and M. McMurran), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119977018.ch9

Slotboom, A., Hendriks, J. & Verbruggen, J. (2011). Contrasting adolescent female and male sexual aggression: A self-report study on prevalence and predictors of sexual aggression. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 17(1), 15-33. doi:10.1080/13552600.2010.544413.

Snowden, R. J., Craig, R. L. & Gray, N. S. (2011). Indirect Behavioral Measures of Cognition among Sexual Offenders. Journal of Sex Research, 48(2), 192-217.

Tewksbury, R., & Mustaine, E. (2011). Parole board members’ views of sex offender registration and community notification. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 1-19.

Tsopelas, C., Spyridoula, T., & Athanasios, D. (2011). Review on female sexual offenders: Findings about profile and personality. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 34(2), 122-126. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2011.02.006.

Twinley, R. (2011) ‘Occupational Profile: An Interview with ‘Lucy’: A Survivor of Woman-to-Woman Rape’. Journal of Occupational Science, 1-5.

Vess, J. (2011). Risk assessment with female sex offenders: Can women meet the criteria of community protection laws?. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 17(1), 77-91. doi:10.1080/13552600.2010.528844

Weedon, V.  (2011). Girls 101: Psychosocial and Clinical Characteristics of Girls (10-17 years) with Harmful Sexual Behaviours in New Zealand.  Unpublished dissertation.  Massey University, Albany New Zealand.

Wijkman, M., Bijleveld, C. & Hendriks, J. (2011). Female sex offenders: Specialists, generalists and once-only offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice.

Zwirn, I., & Owens, H. (2011). Commentary: Boundary violations in the correctional versus therapeutic setting—are the standards the same? The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 39(2), 164-165.



Brayford, J. (2012). Female sexual offending: An impermissible crime. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 14(3), 212-224. doi:10.1057/cpcs.2012.5.

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Chan, H. C., & Frei, A. (2012). Female sexual homicide offenders : An examination of an underresearched offender population. Homicide Studies. doi:10.1177/1088767912449625

Embry, R., & Lyons Jr., P. M. (2012). Sex-based sentencing: sentencing discrepancies between male and female sex offenders. Feminist Criminology, 7(2), 146-162. doi:10.1177/1557085111430214.

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Pflugradt, D., & Allen, B. (2012). A grounded theory analysis of sexual sadism in females. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 18(3), 325-337.

Plumm, K. M., Nelson, K. D., & Terrance, C. A. (2012). A crime by any other name: Effects of media reporting on perceptions of sex offenses. Journal of Media Psychology, 17(1).

Smith, B. V. (2012). Uncomfortable places, close spaces: Female correctional workers’ sexual interactions with men and boys in custody. UCLA Law Review, 59(6), 1691-1745.

Solis, O. L., & Benedek, E. P. (2012). Female sexual offenders in the educational system: A brief overview. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 76(2), 172-188. doi:10.1521/bumc.2012.76.2.17.

Tewksbury, R., Connor, D. P., Cheeseman, K., & Rivera, B. L. (2012). Female sex offenders’ anticipations for re-entry: Do they really know what they’re in for? Journal of Crime and Justice, 35(3), 451-463. doi:10.1080/0735648X.2012.691240

Tewksbury, R., Mustaine, E. E., & Payne, B. K. (2012). Community corrections professionals’ attitudes about sex offenders: Is the CATSO applicable? Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society, 25(2), 145-157. doi:10.1080/1478601X.2012.699733

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Van Der Putous, C. E., Van Vugt, E. S., Stamms, G. J., Deković, M., & Van Der Laan, P. H. (2012). Short-term general recidivism risk of juvenile sex offenders: Validation of the washington state juvenile court prescreen assessment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. doi:10.1177/0306624X12457775


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Darling, A. J., & Antonopoulos, G. A. (2013). ‘Notes on a scandal’: Why do females engage in abuse of trust behaviours? International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 2, 525-537.

Fisher, N. L., & Pina, A. (2013). An overview of the literature on female-perpetrated adult male sexual victimization. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(1), 54-61.

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Gannon, T., Waugh, G., Taylor, K., Blanchette, K., O’Connor, A., Blake, E. , & Ó Ciardha, C. (2013). Women who sexually offend display three main offense styles: A re-examination of the descriptive model of female sexual offending. Sexual Abuse. doi:10.1177/1079063213486835.

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Allsopp, R. (2014). Moral panics, the media and male and female offenders of child sexual abuse. Internet Journal of Criminology, 1-20.

Carpenter, B., O’Brien, E., Hayes, S., & Death, J. (2014). Harm, responsibility, age, and consent. New Criminal Law Review, 17(1), 23-54.

Davis, J. (2014). Female sex predators: A crime epidemic. Old Town Publishing.

DeCou, C. R., Cole, T. T., Rowland, S. E., Kaplan, S. P., & Lynch, S. M. (2014). An ecological process model of female sex offending: The role of victimization, psychological distress, and life stressors. Journal of Sexual Abuse. doi:10.1177/1079063214556359

French, B. H., Tilghman, J. D., & Malebranche, D. A. (2014). Sexual coercion context and psychosocial correlates among diverse males. Psychology of Men & Masculinity.  Advance online publication

Gil, S. (2014). Male victims of childhood sexual abuse by a male or female perpetrator. Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment, 3(3), 1-6. doi:

Gillespie, S. M., Williams, R., Elliott, I. A., Eldridge, H. U., Ashfield, S., & Beech, A. R. (2014). Characteristics of females who sexually offend: A comparison of solo and co-offenders. Journal of Sexual Abuse. doi:10.1177/1079063214556359.

Hovey, A., Stalker, C., & Rye, B. (2014). Asking women survivors about thoughts or actions involving sex with children: An issue requiring therapist sensitivity. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse.

Javaid, A. (2014). Male rape: The ‘invisible’ male. Internet Journal of Criminology, 1-42.

Mallett, X., & Karp, J. (2014). Child sex offender demographics. In Advances in forensic human identification (pp. 59-73). CRC Press.

Pflugradt, D., & Allen, B. (2014). Static risk factors predict sexual misconduct among incarcerated female sexual offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 20(1), 85-93.

Ratliff, L., & Watson, J. (2014). A descriptive analysis of public school educators arrested for sex offenses. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 23(2), 217-228. doi:10.1080/10538712.2014.870275.

Stathopoulos, Mary & Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault & Australian Institute of Family Studies (2014). The exception that proves the rule female sex offending and the gendered nature of sexual violence. Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne, Vic

Staunton, C., Hammond, S., Perkins, D., & Lambert, S. (2014). Biosignal measures of female sexual interest: Their feasibility in a forensic context. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 4(1), 59-75. doi:10.1108/JCP-11-2012-0019.

Stemple, L., & Meyer, I. H. (2014). The sexual victimization of men in america: New data challenge old assumptions. American Journal of Public Health, E1-E8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.301946.

Williams, K. S., & Bierie, D. M. (2014). An incident-based comparison of female and male sexual offenders. Journal of Sexual Abuse. doi:10.1177/1079063214544333

Wurtele, S. K., Simons, D. A., & Moreno, T. (2014). Sexual interest in children among an online sample of men and women: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Sexual Abuse, 26, 546-568.

Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2014). Prevalence rates of male and female sexual violence perpetrators in a national sample of adolescents. Jama Pediatrics, 167(12), 1125-1134.


Gavin, H., & Porter, T. (2015). Female aggression. Wiley-Blackwell.

Friedman, S. H. (2015). Realistic Consideration of Women and Violence is Critical. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law Online, 43(3), 273–276. Retrieved from

McLeod, D. A. (2015). Female offenders in child sexual abuse cases: A national picture. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 24(15), 97-114. doi:10.1080/10538712.2015.978925



Cortoni, F., Babchishin, K. M., & Rat, C. (2016). The Proportion of Sexual Offenders Who Are Female Is Higher Than Thought: A Meta-Analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior.


3 thoughts on “Bibliography (by year)

  1. Thanks for some other wonderful post. Where else may anyone get that type of info in such an ideal manner of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the look for such information.

  2. These are good references especially for students. The people would be able to understand the lives of these offenders and know the causes of their behavior.

  3. Hello,
    Could you please send me the list in Word format? I could really use the references for a study.

    Thank you for your time.

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