Below is a listing of various research studies and publications about the issue of female sex offenders and their victims. We intend to maintain this list and add to it as we find more studies. We would ask ask that if anyone has some material that is not listed, please feel free to contact us so we may add it to our resources. If anyone would like to receive this list in a Word document contact us and we will be happy to e-mail one to you. All the listings below make at least some reference to female sex offenders or survivors.

If you would prefer to view the Bibliography by Year instead of Alphabetically please CLICK HERE.

(Last Updated 08/17/16)

Abel, G., & Wiegel, M. (2009). Visual reaction time: Development, theory, empirical evidence, and beyond. Sex offenders: Identification, risk assessment, treatment, and legal issues (pp. 110-113). USA: Oxford University Press.

Abramson, P. R., & Pinkerton, S. D. (2001). A house divided: Suspicions of mother–daughter incest. New York: Norton.

Ackerman, A. (2011). Sex offenders, female. In M. Stange, C. Oyster, & J. Sloan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of women in today’s world. (pp. 1308-1310). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412995962.n744

Acton, W. M. (1865). The Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive Organs in Childhood, Youth, Adult Age, and Advanced Life, considered in their Physiological, Social, and Moral Relations. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 49(98), 468.

Adams, E. M. (1988). Sex of the Victim, Offender, and Helper: The Effects of Gender Differences on Attributions and Attitudes in Cases of Incest. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University.

Adams, Kenneth (1991). Silently Seduced: When Parents Make their Children Partners – Understanding Covert Incest. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, Inc.

Adshead, G., Howett, M. & Mason, F. (1994). Women who sexually abuse children: The undiscovered country. Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, 1(1), 45-56.

Adshead, G. (2011). Same but different: Constructions of female violence in forensic mental health. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 4(1), 41-68.

Aizenman, M., & Kelley, G. (1988). The Incidence of Violence and Acquaintance Rape in Dating Relationships among College Men and Women. Journal of College Student Development, 29(4), 305-311.

Alaggia, R. (2005). Disclosing the trauma of child sexual abuse: A gender analysis. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 10, 453-470.

Alaggia, R., & Millington, G. (2008). Male child sexual abuse: A phenomenology of betrayal. Journal of Clinical Social Work, 36, 265-275.

Alaggia, R. (2010). An Ecological Analysis of Child Sexual Abuse Disclosure: Considerations for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 19(1), 32-39. (complete .pdf file at link)

Alarid, L. F. (2000). Sexual Assault and Coercion among Incarcerated Women Prisoners: Excerpts from Prison Letters. The Prison Journal, 80(4), 391-406. (complete file in .pdf format at link)

Allen, C. M. (1990). Women as perpetrators of child sexual abuse: Recognition barriers. In Horton, A. L., Johnson, A. L., Roundy, B. L., & Williams, L. M. (Eds.), The Incest Perpetrator: A Family Member No One Wants To Treat, (pp. 108-125). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Allen, C. M. (1991). Women and Men Who Sexually Abuse Children: A Comparative Analysis. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Allen, C. M., & Pothast, H. L. (1994). Distinguishing Characteristics of Male and Female Child Sex Abusers. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 21(1-2), 73-88.

Allen, H. (1987). Justice unbalanced: Gender, psychiatry and judicial decisions. Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.

Allsopp, R. (2014). Moral panics, the media and male and female
offenders of child sexual abuse
. Internet Journal of Criminology, 1-20

American Association of University Women (2001). Hostile Hallways, Washington, D.C.: AAUW Educational Foundation.

Anderson, I., & Swainson, V. (2001). Perceived motivation for rape: Gender differences in beliefs about female and male rape. Current Research in Social Psychology, 6(8), 107-122.

Anderson, N., & Ho-Foster, A. (2008). 13,915 reasons for equity in sexual offences legislation: A national school-based survey in South Africa. International Journal for Equity in Health, 7(20), 1-6. (complete .pdf file at link)

Anderson, P. B. (1993). Sexual victimization: It happens to boys, too. Louisiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Journal, 57(1), 5, 12.

Anderson, P. B. (1996). Correlates of College Women’s Self-Reports of Heterosexual Aggression. Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment, 8(2), 121-131.

Anderson, P. B. (1998). Variations in college women’s self-reported heterosexual aggression. Sex Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 10(4), 283-92.

Anderson, P. B. (1998). Women’s motives for sexual initiation and aggression. In P. B. Anderson & C. Struckman-Johnson (eds.), Sexually Aggressive Women: Current Perspectives and Controversies, (pp. 79-93). New York: The Guilford Press.

Anderson P. B., & Aymami R. (1993). Reports of female initiation of sexual contact: Male and female differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(4), 335-343.

Anderson, P. B., & Melson, D. T. (2002). From deviance to normalcy: Women as sexual aggressors. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 5.

Anderson, P. B., & Newton, M. (1997). The initiating heterosexual contact scale: A factor analysis. Sex Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 9, 179-186.

Anderson, P. B., & Newton, M. (2004). Predicting the use of sexual initiation tactics in a sample of college women. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 7.

Anderson, P. B., & Savage, J. S. (2005). Social, Legal, and Institutional Context of Heterosexual Aggression by College Women. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 6(2), 130-140.

Anderson, P. B., & Sorenson, W. (1999). Male and female differences in reports of women’s heterosexual initiation and aggression. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 28(3), 285-295.

Anderson, P. B., & Struckman-Johnson, C. (eds.) (1998). Sexually Aggressive Women: Current Perspectives and Controversies. New York: The Guilford Press.

Apfelberg, B., Sugar, C., & Pfeffer, A. Z. (1944). A psychiatric study of 250 sex offenders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 100, 762-770.

Araji, S. (1997). Sexually Aggressive Children: Coming to Understand Them. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Atcheson, J. D., & Williams, D. C. (1954). A study of juvenile sex offenders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 111, 366-370.

Atkinson, J. (1995). The Assessment of Female Sex Offenders. Kingston, ON: Correctional Service of Canada.

Atkinson, J. L. (1996). Female sex offenders: A literature review. Forum, 8(2), 39-42.

Averdijk, M., Müller-Johnson, K., & Eisner,
M. (2011). Sexual victimization of children and adolescents in switzerland:
Final report for the ubs optimus foundation
November 2011.

Aylward, M. Christopher, R. & Newell, G., (2002). What about Women Who Commit Sex Offences? Notes from ATSA conference.

Bachmann, K. M., & Bossi, J. (1993). Mother-son incest as a defence against psychosis. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 66, 239-248.

Bachmann, K. M., Moggi, F., & Stirnemann-Lewis, F. (1994). Mother-son incest and its long-term consequences: A neglected phenomenon in psychiatric practice. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 723-725.

Bader, S. M., Scalora, M. J., Casady, T. K., & Black, S. (2008). Female sexual abuse and criminal justice intervention: A comparison of child protective service and criminal justice samples. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(1), 111-119.

Bader, S. M., Welsh, R., & Scalora, M. J. (2010). Recidivism Among Female Child Molesters. Violence and Victims, 25(3), 349-362.

Baier, J. L., Rosenzweig, M. G., & Whipple, E. G. (1991). Patterns of Sexual Behavior, Coercion, and Victimization of University Students. Journal of College Student Development, 32(4), 310-322.

Banning, A. (1989). Mother-son incest: Confronting a prejudice. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 563-570.

Barnett. S., Corder, F., & Jehu, D. (1990). Group treatment for women sex offenders against children. Groupwork, 3(2), 191-203.

Baron, R. S., Burgess, M. L., & Kao, C. F. (1991). Detecting and labeling prejudice: Do female perpetrators go undetected? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 115-123.

Basile, K. C., Chen, J., Black, M. C., & Saltzman, L. E. (2007). Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence victimization among U.S. adults, 2001-2003. Violence and Victims, 22(4), 437-448.

Bauminster, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2002). Cultural Suppression of female sexuality. Review of General Psychology, 6(2), 166-203.

Bear, E. (1993). Inpatient Treatment for Adult Survivors of Sexual Abuse: A Summary of Data From 22 Programs. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Beck, A., Harrison, P., and Guerion, P., (2009), Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth.

Becker, J. V. (1998). What we know about the characteristics and treatment of adolescents who have committed sexual offenses. Child Maltreatment, 3(4), 317-29.

Becker, J. V., Hall, S., & Stinson, J. D. (2002). Female sexual offenders: Clinical, legal, and policy issues. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 1(3), 31-53.

Beckett, R. (2005). What are the characteristics of female sex offenders? NOTA New, 51, 6–7. Available online:

Beech, A. R., Parrett, N., Ward, T., & Fisher, D. (2009). Assessing female sexual offenders’ motivations and cognitions: an exploratory study. Psychology, Crime & Law, 15, 201-216.

Behrendt, N., Buhl, N., & Seidl, S. (2002). The lethal paraphiliac syndrome: Accidental autoerotic deaths in four women and a review of the literature. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 116(3), 1437-1596.

Beier, K. M. (2000). Female analogies to perversion. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 26(1), 79-93.

Belanger, S. (2008) Characteristics and reactions of sexual victimization of adolescent male sexual abusers by female perpetrators. Unpublished thesis, Smith college school of social work.

Bell, K. (1999). Female offenders of sexual assault. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 25(3), 241-243.

Belshaw, S. H. (2010). Book Review: Gibson C., & Vandiver, D. M. (2008). Juvenile Sex Offenders: What the Public Needs to Know. Westport, CT: Praeger Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice 8, 86-88.

Bennett, A. (2007). Assessing the implicit theories and motivations of rapists, pedophilic child molesters, and mixed sexual offenders (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of British Columbia.

Benson, H. (2006). Female sex offenders and neutralization theory. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Southern Connecticut State University.

Bernard, P. (1886). Des Attentats à la pudeur sur les Petites Filles. Paris: Octave Doin.

Bexson, L. (2011). The ultimate betrayal female child sex offenders: An exploration of theories, media representations and the role of the internet in relations to female perpetrators of child sexual abuse. (Dissertation, Nottingham Trent University).

Black, M.C., Basile, K.C., Breiding, M.J., Smith, S.G., Walters, M.L., Merrick, M.T., Chen, J., & Stevens, M.R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Blues, A., Moffatt, C., & Telford, P. (1999). Work with adolescent females who sexually abuse: Similarities and differences. In M. Erooga & H. C. Masson (eds.), Children and Young People Who Sexually Abuse Others: Challenges and Responses, (pp. 168-182). London: Routledge.

Bolton, F. G., Morris, L. A., & MacEachron, A. E. (1989). Males at Risk: The Other Side of Sexual Abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Book, L. (2011). It’s ok to tell: A story of hope and recovery. Prospecta Press.

Bordon, T. A., & LaTerz, J. D. (1993). Mother/daughter incest and ritual abuse: The ultimate taboos. Treating Abuse Today, 3(4), 5-8.

Boroughs, D. S. (2004). Female sexual abusers of children. Journal of Children and Youth Services Review, 26(5), 481-487.

Brand, J. (2007). A Mother’s Touch. Victoria, BC: Trafford Publishing.

Brand, J. (2009, April). “The best kept secret: Mother-daughter sexual abuse”. Retrieved from CAPER Consulting: Child Abuse Prevention, Education and Recovery website:

Braveman, S. L. (2000). When Boys are Molested by Teachers and Others in Position of Authority. S.E.S.A.M.E. Newsletter (complete article at link)

Brayford, J. (2012). Female sexual offending: An impermissible crime. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 14(3), 212-224. doi:10.1057/cpcs.2012.5.

Brents, B. G. (2010) Sex As Crime? Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews 39, 58-59. (Complete article available at link)

Briere, J., Evans, D., Runtz, M., & Wall, T. (1988). Symptomatology in men who were molested as children: A comparison study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58(3), 457-461.

Briere J. & Elliott D.M. (2003). Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 1205-1222. (Complete .pdf file at link)

Brinton, C. (2000). A Comparison of Sexual Arousal Patterns of Female Sex Offenders and Nonoffenders. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. San Francisco, CA: Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality.

Brodie, F. (1992). When the Other Woman Is His Mother: Book One/Boys As Incest Victims and Male Multiple Personality Disorder/for Partners and Professionals. Tacoma, WA: Winged Eagle Press.

Broom, R. (2008). Female perpetrators of child sexual abuse. Norwich: Social Work Monographs, University of East Anglia.

Broussard, S., Wagner, W. G., & Kazelskis, R. (1991). Undergraduate students’ perceptions of child sexual abuse: The impact of victim sex, perpetrator sex, respondent sex, and victim response. Journal of Family Violence, 6(3), 267-278.

Brow, M.E., Knopp, F.H., & Lackey, L.B. (1987). Female Sexual Abusers: A Summary of Data from 44 Treatment Providers. Orwell: Safer Society Press.

Brown, M.E., Hull, L.A., & Panesis, S.K. (1984). Women Who Rape. Boston: Massachusetts Trial Court. [Cited in Mathews, Matthews, & Speltz, 1990; and Syed & Williams, 1996].

Bullock, C., & Beckson, M. (2011). Male victims of sexual assault: Phenomenology, psychology, physiology. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 39(2), 197-205.

Bumby, K. M., Bumby, N., Burghess, A. W., & Hartman, C. R. (1996). From Victims to Victimizers: Sexually Aggressive Post-Traumatic Responses of Sexually Abused Adolescent Females.

Bumby, K., & Bumby, N. (1997). Adolescent female sex offenders. In B. Schwartz, & H.Cellini, (eds.), The Sex Offender: New Insights, Treatment Innovations and Legal Developments, Vol. II, pp. 10-1 10-16. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Bumby, N. H., & Bumby, K. M. (2004). Bridging the gender gap: Addressing juvenile females who commit sexual offences. In G. O’Reilly, W. L. Marshall, A. Carr, & R. C. Beckett (Eds.), The handbook of clinical intervention with young people who sexually abuse(pp. 369–381). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.

Bumby, K. M., & Bumby, N. (2011). Adolescent Female Sex Offenders. In B. K. Schwartz (Ed.), Handbook of Sex Offender Treatment (pp. 43-1-44-1). Kingston, New Jersey: Civic Research Institute.

Bunting, L. (2005). Females who sexually offend against children: Responses of the child protection and criminal justice systems. NSPCC Policy Practice Research Series. London: NSPCC. (Complete article at link)

Bunting, L. (2007). Dealing with a Problem That Doesn’t Exist?: Professional Responses to Female Perpetrated Child Sexual Abuse. Child Abuse Review, 16(4), 252-267.

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Burgess A., Hartman C., McCausland M., & Powers P. (1984). Response patterns in children and adolescents exploited through sex rings and pornography. American Journal of Psychiatry, 14, 656-662.

Burgess, A. W., Hartman, C. R., & McCormack, A. (1987). Abused to abuser: Antecedents of socially deviant behaviors. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1431-1436.

Burket, L. E. (1985). Guilt and Moral Judgment in the Juvenile Female Sex Offender: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Unpublished MA thesis. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.

Busby, D. M., & Compton, S. V. (1997). Patterns of sexual coercion in adult heterosexual relationships: An exploration of male victimization. Family Process, 36(1), 81-94.

Byard, R. W., Hucker, S. J., & Hazelwood, R. R. (1993). Fatal and near-fatal autoerotic asphyxial episodes in women: Characteristic features based on a review of nine cases. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 14(1), 70-3

Byers, S. E. (1996). How well does the traditional sexual script explain sexual coercion? Review of a program of research. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 8(1-2), 7-25.

Byers, S. E. (1998). Similar but different: Men’s and women’s experiences of sexual coercion. In P. B. Anderson & C. Struckman-Johnson (eds.), Sexually Aggressive Women: Current Perspectives and Controversies, (pp. 144-168). New York: The Guilford Press.

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Carlson, B. E., Maciol, K. & Schneider, J. (2006). Sibling Incest: Reports from Forty-One Survivors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 15(4), 19-34.

Carpenter, B., O’Brien, E., Hayes, S., & Death, J. (2014). Harm,
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Carson, W. (2006). Women Who Molest Children: A Study of 18 Convicted Offenders. Prosecutor, 40(3), 26-41.

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Center for Sex Offender Management. (2007). Female Sex Offenders (complete text in .pdf file at link).

Chan, H. C., & Frei, A. (2012). Female sexual homicide offenders : An examination of an underresearched offender population. Homicide Studies. doi:10.1177/1088767912449625

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Chideckel, M. (1935). Female Sex Perversion. Oxford: Eugenics Publishing Co.

Christiansen, A. R. & Thyer, B. A. (2002). Female Sexual Offenders — A Review of Empirical Research. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 6(3), 1-16.

Christopher, F. S., Owens, L. A., & Stecker, H. L. (1993). An examination of single men’s and women’s sexual aggressiveness in dating relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 10, 511-527.

Christopher, K., Lutz-Zois, C. J., & Reinhardt, A. R. (2007). Female sexual-offenders: Personality pathology as a mediator of the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and sexual abuse perpetration against others. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 871-883.

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Clark, R., & Hatfield, E. (1989). Gender Differences in Receptivity to Sexual Offers. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 1(2), 39-55. (complete text in a .pdf file at link).

Clements-Schreiber, M., Rempel, J., & Desmarais, S. (1998). Women’s sexual pressure tactics and adherence to related attitudes: A step toward prediction. Journal of Sex Research, 35(2), 197-205.

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Cook, N. E., Barese, T. H., &Dicataldo, F. (2010) The Confluence of Mental Health and Psychopathic Traits in Adolescent Female Offenders, Criminal Justice and Behavior 37, 119-135.

Cook, P. W., & Hodo, T. L. (2013). When women sexually abuse men: The hidden side of rape, stalking, harassment, and sexual assault. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Publishing Group.

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Cortoni, F., & Hanson, R. K. (2005). A review of the recidivism rates of adult female sexual offenders (R-169). Ottawa: Research Branch, Correction Service of Canada. (complete .pdf file at link)

Cortoni, F., Hanson, K., & Coache, M. (2010). The Recidivism Rates of Female Sexual Offenders Are Low: A Meta-Analysis. Sexual Abuse, 22(4), 387-401.

Cortoni, F. (2010). Female Sexual Offenders: A Special Subgroup. In K. Harrison (Ed.), Managing High-Risk Sex Offenders in the Community: Risk Management, Treatment and Social Responsibility (pp. 159-173). Portland, OR: Willan Publishing.

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Crawford, C. (1997). Forbidden Femininity: Child Sexual Abuse and Female Sexuality. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Co.

Crawford, M., & Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. Journal of Sex Research, 40(1), 13-26.

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Denov, M. S. (2003). The myth of innocence: Sexual scripts and the recognition of child sexual abuse by female perpetrators. Journal of Sex Research, 40(3), 303-314.

Denov, M. S. (2003). To a Safer Place? Victims of sexual abuse by females and their disclosures to professionals. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(1), 46-61.

Denov, M. S. (2004). The Long-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse by Female Perpetrators: A Qualitative Study of Male and Female Victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(10), 1137-1156.

Denov, M. S. (2004). Perspectives on Female Sex Offending: A Culture of Denial. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Company.

Denov, M., & Cortoni, F. (2006). Women who sexually abuse children. In C. Hilarski & J.S. Wodarski (Eds.), Comprehensive mental health practice with sex offenders and their families(pp. 71-99). Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press.

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Dollar, K.M., Perry, A.R., Fromuth, M., & Holt, A.R. (2004). Influence of gender roles on perceptions of teacher/adolescent student sexual relations. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 50(1-2), 91-101.

Dowden, C., & Andrews, D. (1999). What works for female offenders: A meta-analytic review. Crime and Delinquency, 45, 438-452.

Dube, S. R., et al. (2005). Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 430-438.

Dunbar, T. (1993). Women Who Sexually Molest Female Children. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Los Angeles: University of Southern California.

Dunbar, T. (1999). Women who sexually molest female children. In P. A. Davin, J. C. Hislop, & T. Dunbar, Female Sexual Abusers: Three Views, (pp. 311-377). Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Duncan, D. F. (1990). Prevalence of sexual assault victimization among heterosexual and gay/lesbian university students. Psychological Reports, 66, 65-66.

Duncan, K. (2004). Healing from the Trauma of Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Journey for Women. Connecticut : Praeger Publishers.

Duncan, K. (2006). Gender Equity in the Field of Child Sexual Abuse: Does Gender Matter in Sexual Offense Treatment for Females and their Victims? Paper presented at the ATSA 2006 Conference in Chicago, Illinois.

Duncan, K. (2010). Female Sexual Predators: Understanding Them to Protect Our Children and Youths. Connecticut: Praeger.

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